Long Beach Breast
Cancer Coalition
P.O. Box 844
Long Beach, NY 11561

Phone: (516) 897-1344


Affiliated with Long Beach Medical Center

Breast Cancer Glossary

Listed below are some common terms that are often used when discussing breast cancer:

Adjuvant Therapy – Treatment that is added to increase the effectiveness of a primary/therapy.

Auxiliary Dissection – A surgical procedure in which the lymph nodes are removed and examined to find out if the cancer has spread to the nodes.

Bilateral – Both sides.

Biopsy – A procedure done by a needle or surgery in which tissue samples are removed from the body and examined under microscope to test for cancer.

Breast Self Exam – (BSE) A technique for checking one’s own breasts for lumps or serious changes that is recommended for all women over age 50.

Calcification – Tiny calcium deposits that are found by mammography that may be monitored by additional mammography.

Cancer Cell – A cell that divides and reproduces abnormally.

Carcinogen – Any substance that causes or helps cancer grow.

Carcinoma-in-situ – Early stages of cancer, highly curable.

Fibrocystic changes – Benign changes in the breast with symptoms like breast swelling or pain.

Lobes – Groups of glands, in the breast, that provide milk.

Lumpectomy – Surgery to remove the tumor and small amount of surrounding normal tissue.

Lymphoma – Tumor made up of tissue that represents Lymphatic nodes which remove waste and act as filters for the body.

Metastasis – The spread of cancer cells to distant areas of the body by way of the lymph system or the bloodstream.

Needle Aspiration – Removal of fluid from a cyst or cells from a tumor for biopsy analysis.

Nodule – A small solid collection of tissue that can be located by touch.

Node – Lymph gland.

Precancerous / Premalignant – Abnormal changes in cells the may, but not always become cancer.

Ultrasound – Painless method to detect if a mass is solid or liquid.  It’s useful in young women with dense breasts.





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